NA Agabalyan, NL Rosin, W Rahmani and J Biernaskie,
Experimental dermatology, Jun 2017
Understanding the cellular interactions and molecular signals underlying hair follicle (HF) regeneration may have significant implications for restorative therapies for skin disease that diminish hair growth, whilst also serving to provide fundamental insight into the mechanisms underlying adult tissue regeneration. One of the major, yet underappreciated, players in this process is the underlying HF mesenchyme. Here, we provide an overview of a mesenchymal progenitor pool referred to as hair follicle dermal stem cells (hfDSCs), discuss their potential functions within the skin and their relationship to skin-derived precursors (SKPs), and consider unanswered questions about the function of these specialized fibroblasts. We contend that dermal stem cells provide an important reservoir of renewable dermal progenitors that may enable development of novel restorative therapies following hair loss, skin injury or disease.